We show how one can obtain a class of quadratic Wasserstein metrics, that is
to say, Wasserstein metrics of order 2, on the set of faithful normal states of
a von Neumann algebra $A$, via transport plans, rather than through a dynamical
approach. Two key points to make this work, are a suitable formulation of the
cost of transport arising from Tomita-Takesaki theory and relative tensor
products of bimodules (or correspondences in the sense of Connes). The triangle
inequality, symmetry and $W_{2}(\mu,\mu)=0$ all work quite generally, but to
show that $W_{2}(\mu,\nu)=0$ implies $\mu=\nu$, we need to assume that $A$ is
finitely generated.

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