Kirkwood-Dirac (KD) distribution is a representation of quantum states.
    Recently, KD distribution has been employed in many scenarios such as quantum
    metrology, quantum chaos and foundations of quantum theory. KD distribution is
    a quasiprobability distribution, and negative or nonreal elements may signify
    quantum advantages in certain tasks. A quantum state is called KD classical if
    its KD distribution is a probability distribution. Since most quantum
    information processings use pure states as ideal resources, then a key problem
    is to determine whether a quantum pure state is KD classical. In this paper, we
    provide some characterizations for the general structure of KD classical pure
    states. As an application of our results, we prove a conjecture raised by De
    Bi\`{e}vre [Phys. Rev. Lett. 127, 190404 (2021)] which finds out all KD
    classical pure states for discrete Fourier transformation.

    Source link


    Leave A Reply